"Ethnography and Ethnology are related disciplines within the field of cultural anthropology. Cultural anthropology deals with all aspects of human culture from social to religious, to political, and beyond. Ethnography focuses on single cultures or specific structures within one culture, while ethnology is a study of the members and structures of cultures and of the relationship of members to their cultures. Ethnology is highly theory driven, using a comparative approach with the writings of ethnographers to search for commonalities that may underlie all cultures or human behaviors. In addition, ethnology takes a broad view, comparing cultures or looking at the deep history of a culture in order to explain why and how it functions as it does. In recent years... (Isabelle M. Flemming, 2010)."
"...according to Lévi-Strauss, was aimed at using theory to find structural principles...ethnography, ethnology, and anthropology do not form three different disciplines but three stages, or three moments of time, in the same line of investigation, 'and preference for one or another of these only means that attention is concentrated on one type of research, which can never exclude the other two' (Guadalupe Jiménez-Esquinas and Cristina Sánchez-Carretero, Institute of Heritage Sciences, Spanish National Research Council)."